People who do not have celiac disease do not need to avoid gluten as a general dietary requirement. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and their derivatives. However, some individuals may have non-celiac gluten sensitivity or wheat allergy, which can cause adverse reactions when consuming gluten-containing foods.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder where the ingestion of gluten triggers an immune response that damages the small intestine. People with celiac disease must strictly adhere to a gluten-free diet to manage their condition and prevent symptoms and complications.
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity is a condition where individuals experience symptoms similar to those with celiac disease but do not have the same immune response or intestinal damage. In such cases, avoiding or reducing gluten intake may help alleviate symptoms.
Wheat allergy is an allergic reaction to proteins in wheat, including gluten. Individuals with wheat allergy need to avoid all sources of wheat, which naturally includes gluten-containing foods.
For individuals without celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, or wheat allergy, there is no medical necessity to avoid gluten. Gluten-containing grains, such as wheat, barley, and rye, are part of a healthy and balanced diet for most people. However, it's always important to listen to your body and make dietary choices that suit your individual needs and preferences.
Why do non-celliac people feel better adhering to a gluten-free diet? Likely because a gluten-free diet leads them away from processed foods and garbage.